HIV/AIDS: Updated Review and Clinical Considerations

~ Exam ~

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This test has 10 questions.

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1. The HIV organism is best characterized as a:

  a. Bacterium that is dispersed through the air on operatory aerosols.

  b. Fungus transmitted through direct contact.

  c. Virus transmitted through blood.

  d. None of the above.

2. All people who have HIV infection have AIDS.

  a. True

  b. False

3. The cells that the HIV virus attacks in the blood are the:

  a. Red blood cells.

  b. Islets of Langerhans.

  c. The t-helper lymphocytes or CD4 cells.

4. The most common oral manifestation of HIV:

  a. Hairy leukoplakia.

  b. Candidiasis.

  c. Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis (NUP).

  d. Linea alba.

5. Factors that influence the risk of infection from occupational exposure include:

  a. Amount of blood involved.

  b. Viral load in source.

  c. Condition of skin and mucous membranes.

  d. None of the above.

  e. All of the above.

6. A person with untreated HIV infection will experience several stages in infection. These include: *Viral transmission *Primary HIV infection *Seroconversion *Asymptomatic HIV infection *Symptomatic HIV infection *AIDS

  a. True

  b. False

7. Seroconversion (is):

  a. Occurs after infection; it is when antibodies are produced that would show positive on an HIV test.

  b. The time frame may vary from person to person, with most people having HIV antibodies detectable within the first two to eight weeks of infection.

  c. Both A and B.

8. Standard precautions requires that one always assumes that the blood or body fluids of another person could be positive for HIV (or other bloodborne pathogens), thereby requires taking barrier precautions to avoid any infection through bloodborne transmission.

  a. True

  b. False

9. After occupational exposure to HIV in the workplace, the employee should:

  a. Follow facility protocols and policies.

  b. Obtain evaluation as soon as is possible; prophylactic treatment should begin within 2-24 hours.

  c. Obtain permission to test the source for HIV infection, if possible.

  d. All of the above.

10. ____________ is (are) involved in the transmission of HIV:

  a. Blood

  b. Semen

  c. Breast milk

  d. A, B, and C.

  e. B and C only.