Preventing Medication Errors

~ Exam ~

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This test has 15 questions.

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1. What percentage of the US population took a prescription medication at least once in a given month as of 2006?

  a. 0%

  b. 23%

  c. 47%

  d. 68%

2. On average, how often will a hospital patient experience a medication error?

  a. Once per day

  b. Once per week

  c. Once per month

  d. Once per year

3. On prescriptions, it is better to abbreviate common terms since abbreviations are universal.

  a. True

  b. False

4. Communication errors are a common cause of medication errors.

  a. True

  b. False

5. The FDA monitors reports of medication errors from:

  a. United States Pharmacopeia (USP)

  b. Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP)

  c. US Institute of Highway Safety

  d. A and B

6. One way to reduce medication errors is to standardize medical equipment.

  a. True

  b. False

7. Manufacturer’s labeling can lead to medication errors by having:

  a. Brand names that look or sound alike

  b. Unclear dose concentration

  c. Cluttered labeling, small fonts

  d. All of the above

8. Which is NOT a benefit of printing bar-codes on medications?

  a. Allows electronic tracking of medication delivery

  b. Can reduce medication errors

  c. Helps attorneys prosecute nurses for medication errors

  d. Assures the right patient gets the right medication at the right time

9. Drugs that should be handled with special care, due to their high risk of causing death or serious harm when administered incorrectly, include which of the following?

  a. Chemotherapeutic agents

  b. Potassium chloride

  c. Insulin

  d. Warfarin

  e. All of the above

10. Patients have a right to know what kind of medication they are receiving, its potential side effects, what it looks like, and how often they should take it.

  a. True

  b. False

11. Concentrated solutions of hazardous medications:

  a. Should not be stored on patient care units

  b. Should be stored in prescribed patient’s drawer

  c. Do not pose a risk to patients

  d. Only pose a risk to small children

12. Patients cannot do anything to prevent medication errors.

  a. True

  b. False

13. Hospitals can use computer systems to:

  a. Reduce communication errors due to unclear handwriting

  b. Help flag improper drug doses

  c. Alert health care providers of potential allergic reactions

  d. All of the above

14. Standardizing processes for medication doses, dose timing, and dose scales in a given patient care unit is one of the most effective ways to prevent medication errors.

  a. True

  b. False

15. Consumers can avoid medication errors by:

  a. Instructing the Emergency Department to contact their primary physician to get their list of medications

  b. Taking medications as directed and not asking questions, more information is to confusing

  c. Asking the doctor or nurse what medications they are receiving and why

  d. Only taking medications recommended on the internet