Care Ethics

~ Exam ~

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This test has 60 questions.

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1. Care ethics deals with maintaining ___ relationships.

  a. personal

  b. social

  c. professional

  d. philosophical

2. Care ethics involves the maintaining of the ____of ourselves and others.

  a. identity

  b. needs

  c. solutions

  d. strengths

3. "On Caring" was written by ___________.

  a. Klimes

  b. Steinberg

  c. Mayeroff

  d. Mayerenski

4. Care ethics has no male ___.

  a. participation

  b. emphasis

  c. bias

  d. insights

5. Care ethics started out in the ___ sphere.

  a. private

  b. public

  c. professional

  d. governmental

6. Care is a ___.

  a. philosophy

  b. activity

  c. value

  d. psychology

7. The slaves in slave morality were mainly ___.

  a. children

  b. women

  c. men

  d. foreigners

8. Care ethics was early associated with ___.

  a. surgery

  b. long-term care

  c. nursing homes

  d. mothering

9. The goal of integrated ethics is continuing improvement in ethical ___.

  a. quality

  b. committees

  c. studies

  d. awareness

10. Integrated ethics was developed by the

  a. NIH

  b. CDA

  c. Department of Veteran's Affairs

  d. US Air Force

11. One is ethically responsible for far more than for what one can be held _______________ accountable

  a. socially

  b. legally

  c. organizationally

  d. psychologically

12. An action may be legal but unethical or illegal but ___.

  a. ethical

  b. not ethical

  c. not all right

  d. not permissible

13. Prohibitions against fabricating, falsifying, or misrepresenting research data promote the truth and avoid ____.

  a. randomness

  b. deceit

  c. error

  d. structure

14. _________ means that investigators and institutions follow the rules that are set out for them.

  a. order

  b. compliance

  c. ethics

  d. submission

15. __________ is making up data or results and recording or reporting them as factual results.

  a. fabrication

  b. inventions

  c. guesses

  d. listing

16. Historically, palliative ethics can be traced back to the ancient Greek physician of _____th century BC. Hippocrates.

  a. 4

  b. 6

  c. 8

  d. 9

17. The foundation of medical ethics is supported by ___ pillars.

  a. 2

  b. 4

  c. 6

  d. 8

18. ______ relief is successfully achieved by the scientific and holistic principles of analgesic ladder in palliative care.

  a. problem

  b. pain

  c. stress

  d. medical

19. In practice, the dying of an incurable patient is medically recognized as a ______ process.

  a. unnatural

  b. natural

  c. dangerous

  d. difficult

20. The cardinal ethical principles to be followed are ___.

  a. autonomy

  b. beneficence

  c. justice

  d. all 3

21. Political ethics deals with how to act in a political realm that has ________ in it, but is a realm that allows us the opportunity to do good for others.

  a. problems

  b. evil

  c. organizations

  d. questions

22. Positive campaigns are ones where the candidate focuses primarily on his/her ________ as a candidate.

  a. weaknesses

  b. problems

  c. difficulties

  d. strengths

23. Ethical governing may be defined as acting in the ___ of one’s political community

  a. wishes

  b. difficulties

  c. interest

  d. issues

24. Political ____ means a political actor puts himself above good laws.

  a. corruption

  b. actions

  c. priorities

  d. evil

25. ___________ (384-322 B.C.) argued in his major work Politics, that average citizens in a democracy should take an active role in politics.

  a. Athens

  b. Aristotle

  c. Cicero

  d. Ceasar

26. Gene therapy could be targeted to egg and sperm cells (germ cells), which would allow the inserted gene to be passed on to future generations. This approach is known as ___________ gene therapy.

  a. total

  b. germline

  c. insertive

  d. long term

27. _________ include(s) taking responsibility for your own actions, ensuring appropriate use of information, exercising diligence and duty of care obligations and avoiding conflicts of interest.

  a. values

  b. ethical principles

  c. accountability

  d. standard of conduct

28. Implementing a code of conduct in the workplace involves communicating the policies and guidelines to all _________.

  a. management

  b. officers

  c. staff

  d. interns

29. _________ training is a chance for employers and new employees to review and understand expectations and requirements.

  a. deduction

  b. online

  c. participative

  d. induction

30. Codes of conduct can be delivered __________ in a format that allows staff to work through topics at their own pace (although a deadline should be set to ensure it is done in a timely manner).

  a. in person

  b. online

  c. in groups

  d. all 3

31. Character education teaches the _________ of thought and deed that help people live and work together as families, friends, neighbors, communities and nations.

  a. ideas

  b. habits

  c. principles

  d. ideals

32. Students spend much of their young lives in classrooms. This time in school is an opportunity to explain and reinforce the _________________ values upon which character is formed.

  a. some

  b. many

  c. core

  d. all

33. Many schools have chosen to incorporate character education into their plans for ________ and Drug-Free Schools and Communities.

  a. good

  b. alcohol-free

  c. gun-free

  d. safe

34. Steve Johnson: Schools have always been interested in three kinds of outcomes: 1. skills—what our students are able to do 2. knowledge—what they know 3. _____________—the kind of people they become.

  a. character

  b. behavior

  c. thinking

  d. action

35. One of the great education reformers, Horace Mann, in the 1840s, helped to improve instruction in classrooms nationwide, advocating that character ______________ was as important as academics in American schools.

  a. planning

  b. lessons

  c. development

  d. options

36. Character education is a learning process that enables students and adults in a school community to understand, care about and act on core ethical values such as _______________.

  a. respect

  b. justice

  c. citizenship

  d. all 3

37. Neil Duxbury embarks upon a defense of the Golden Rule as a principle of ___________.

  a. justice

  b. fairness

  c. order

  d. love

38. Avoid reducing the Golden Rule to the proposition that we are ______________ to impose on others preferences that we would happily have imposed on us.

  a. able

  b. not able

  c. entitled

  d. willing

39. Neil Duxbury shows that the Golden Rule requires that agents do not simply _____________ their values and desires onto others.

  a. apply

  b. give

  c. order

  d. project

40. Golden Rule reasoning need not be connected to particular tastes and preferences but also that, as a matter of moral principle, we should never tolerate ________________ standards where cases are relevantly similar.

  a. double

  b. single

  c. triple

  d. strict

41. So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you, for this _________ the Law and the Prophets.

  a. fulfills

  b. describes

  c. sums up

  d. combines

42. The Golden Rule gives us a standard by which naturally ____________ people can gauge their actions: actively treat others the way they like to be treated.

  a. selfish

  b. selfless

  c. good

  d. bad

43. ___________, the core ethical value in this issue, is essential in the scientific pursuit of the truth. A relationship based on ____________ is necessary with colleagues, the government, the study sponsors, and, of course, the public.

  a. justice

  b. love

  c. trust

  d. care

44. A conflict of interest is a situation in which __________ or other personal considerations have the potential to compromise or bias professional judgment and objectivity.

  a. legal

  b. social

  c. psychological

  d. financial

45. Conflict of interest implies only the potential for bias, not a _____________.

  a. fact

  b. reality

  c. likelihood

  d. must

46. Conflicts of interest may involve individuals as well as _______.

  a. institutions

  b. small groups

  c. pairs of people

  d. all 3

47. Objectivity is the sine qua non of scientific discovery. But ___ in judgment is virtually impossible to eliminate.

  a. mistakes

  b. bias

  c. wrong data

  d. falsehood

48. An academic conflict of interest could occur if an individual interferes with the peer-review process for some type of intangible ____________ gain.

  a. personal

  b. real

  c. written

  d. false

49. Paul Coleman defines forgiveness as the decision to offer ________ to someone who has betrayed that _________.

  a. peace

  b. help

  c. love

  d. gifts

50. Step number ___ in forgiving: Bar revenge and any thought of inflicting harm as repayment or punishment to the offender.

  a. 1

  b. 2

  c. 3

  d. 4

51. Anger, the deep displeasure caused by a sense of injury or wrong, if not checked, can lead to __________.

  a. sickness

  b. conflicts

  c. violence

  d. all 3.

52. Forgiveness is not necessarily ____, it can be a gift that the other either accepts or rejects or does nor even know about.

  a. restoration

  b. easy

  c. reconciliation

  d. hard

53. In ________ forgiveness, victims study their pain and make a conscious decision to forgive.

  a. cognitive

  b. analytical

  c. planned

  d. orderly

54. Spiritual forgiveness utilizes an approach similar to that used in the _________steps of Alcoholics Anonymous.

  a. 5

  b. 7

  c. 10

  d. 12

55. In critical thinking, we 1. Ask questions to determine the ____.

  a. problem

  b. issues

  c. facts

  d. objective

56. Critical thinking is viewed as not just an academic exercise, but a productive process enabling people to be more effective and innovative in four key areas of adult life: personal relationships, workplaces, political involvements, and responses to the __________.

  a. media

  b. law

  c. orders

  d. propositions

57. ____ makes connections with prior learning experiences

  a. brainstorming

  b. planning

  c. review

  d. discussion

58. The purpose of this Rubenfeld study was to define critical thinking in nursing. A Delphi technique with ___ rounds of input was used to achieve this purpose.

  a. 2

  b. 3

  c. 4

  d. 5

59. Authors like Frager (1984) and Johnson and Johnson (1979) claim that to really engage in critical thinking, students must encounter the dissonance of ___________ ideas.

  a. similar

  b. many

  c. few

  d. conflicting

60. Tobin found that those teachers who allowed a ____ second pause between the question and response permitted students to produce cognitively complex discourse. Teachers who consciously managed the duration of pauses after their questioning and provided regular intervals of silence during explanation created an environment where thinking was expected and practiced.

  a. 1-3

  b. 2-4

  c. 3-5

  d. 5-8