Relaxation Therapy

~ Exam ~

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You must correctly answer 12 of 16 questions. If needed, you may retake the exam. Please complete the evaluation form that will appear on your screen after passing the exam.

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This test has 16 questions.

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1. Benson (1976, 1983) wrote that the relaxation response is characterized by ___ sympathetic arousal.

  a. increased

  b. diminished

  c. no

  d. unrelated

2. Schwartz, Davidson and Goleman (1978) suggest that the majority of relaxation procedures have ___ specific effects.

  a. highly

  b. no

  c. many

  d. few

3. Imagine air as ___. Open your imagination and focus on your breathing.

  a. an ocean

  b. the wind

  c. a flower

  d. a cloud

4. 4S = ____

  a. smile

  b. slack

  c. sag

  d. smooth

5. Relaxation techniques produce ___ benefits in the treatment of anxiety.

  a. long term

  b. short term

  c. some

  d. few

6. Different multi-component techniques like ___ show improvement in anxiety.

  a. cognitive

  b. relaxation

  c. exposure

  d. all 3

7. The use of relaxation ___ in smoking cessation programs is effective.

  a. breathing

  b. movement

  c. imagery

  d. mindset

8. Relaxation treatments have shown to produce ___ improvement in asthma.

  a. significant

  b. no

  c. little

  d. some

9. Circle breathing includes a ___.

  a. sigh of relief

  b. shout of relief

  c. word of relief

  d. all 3

10. It is difficult to remain stressed after ___.

  a. moving

  b. deep breathing

  c. smiling

  d. medidating

11. Tense you major muscle groups for ___ seconds.

  a. 2

  b. 5

  c. 8

  d. 10

12. Repeat deep breathing (exhale, muscle relation, etc) ____ times and you will become more relaxed.

  a. 3-4

  b. 5-6

  c. 7-8

  d. 9-10

13. Relaxation techniques are useful in treating adults (Primavera & Kaiser, 1992) and children’s (Mehta, 1992; Sartory, Mueller, Metsch, & Pothmann, 1998) headaches. Relaxation or biofeedback training helps between _____of tension headache sufferers (Blanchard, Ahles, & Shaw, 1979).

  a. 10-20%

  b. 20-30%

  c. 40-80%

  d. 30-40%

14. Recent studies have found that the use of relaxation imagery in smoking cessation programs to be effective. The study targeted smokers aged 18-60, and showed quit rates to be ___%, and abstinence rates of 55%. These findings suggest that relaxation imagery can be a useful tool to deter smoking (Wynd, 1992).

  a. 38

  b. 52

  c. 69

  d. 84

15. Take ____ minutes a day to practice a relaxation technique such as: breathing techniques, music therapy, massage therapy, taking a bath, and reading a book. And, never underestimate the relaxation power of a long stroll, walk or run!

  a. 5

  b. 10

  c. 15

  d. 20

16. Relaxation techniques have been used to treat those suffering from fibromyalgia. Studies have compared the effectiveness of relaxation, exercise, and a combination of the two. It was found that all three treatment groups produced improvements in self- efficacy for physical function, which was best maintained by the combination group after a ___ year follow-up period (Buckelew, Conway, Parker, et al., 1998).

  a. 1

  b. 2

  c. 5

  d. 10