Critical Thinkings

~ Exam ~

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This test has 12 questions.

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1. Brainstorming challenges assumptions and ___.

  a. creates analogies

  b. creates metaphores

  c. differentiates between facts and opinions

  d. all or any of the 3


2. Procedure: Designs a ___ test of selected hypothesis.

  a. simple

  b. reasonable

  c. detailed

  d. practical


3. Conclusions: 1. Evaluates the ___ of the data. 2...

  a. source

  b. use

  c. analysis

  d. accuracy


4. A consensus definition of critical thinking in nursing was achieved. The panel also identified and defined ___ habits of the mind.

  a. 5

  b. 6

  c. 7

  d. 10


5. Skills of critical thinking in nursing include: information seeking and ____________.

  a. analysis

  b. discrimination

  c. applying standards

  d. analysis, discrimination, applying standards


6. Critical thinking refers to a way of ___ that demands adequate support for one's beliefs and an unwillingness to be persuaded unless the support is forthcoming.

  a. planning

  b. thinking

  c. reasoning

  d. synthesizing


7. The classroom must nurture an environment to develop a capacity for informed _______. (Brown 1984; Hayes and Alvermann 1986)

  a. judgement

  b. writing

  c. speaking

  d. thinking


8. Tobin found that teachers who allowed a __________ second pause between question and response permitted students to produce cognitive complex discourse.

  a. 1-2

  b. 8-10

  c. 3-5

  d. 10-20


9. Tobin concluded that wait time in and of itself ___________ critical thinking.

  a. usually ensures

  b. generally ensures

  c. often ensures

  d. does not ensure


10. Matthew Lipman (1988) writes that the improvement from ordinary thinking to good thinking depends heavily on the student's ability to identify and cite good ________ for their opinions.

  a. reasons

  b. conclusions

  c. documentation

  d. facts


11. Frager (1984) and Johnson and Johnson (1979) claim that to really engage in critical thinking, students must encounter the dissonance of _____________ ideas.

  a. conflicting

  b. similar

  c. identical

  d. problem


12. In the end, critical thinking must lead to reasonable __________.

  a. opinions

  b. information

  c. conclusions

  d. facts