Strategies for Recruiting, Training, and Retaining Men in Nursing

~ Exam ~

Corexcel now provides real-time grading and a real-time certificate for this online course.  To take the test, click on the button corresponding to the correct answer for each question.  When you're done, click on the "Grade Test" button.

You will be asked to login (if you are a returning customer) or register (if you are a new customer) and pay $35.00 for the processing of your test and certificate. You will be given your test results instantly and you will be able to print out your certificate immediately from your browser.

You must correctly answer 28 of 40 questions. If needed, you may retake the exam. Please complete the evaluation form that will appear on your screen after passing the exam.

Your test will be graded online right away, and upon passing you will be able to immediately print out your certificate.  We would appreciate it if you could take a few minutes to complete the evaluation form that will appear on your screen after passing the exam.

Occasionally computers fail. Thus you may wish to print the exam, mark the answers on the printed copy, then transfer those answers to the computer when you're ready to submit the exam for scoring. Once the exam is completed successfully, you will no longer be able to access this course (unless you pay for the course again).

This test has 40 questions.

All questions must be answered before the test can be graded.

Already taken the test? Click here to login and retrieve your answers.


1. Three significant challenges for men in the profession of nursing as identified in the current literature include:

  a. Low pay, patient hostility, and long hours

  b. Passing the NCLEX, finding employment, and career stagnation

  c. Gender-related barriers, negative stereotypes, and various misconceptions

  d. None of the above are correct


2. The issues faced by men in nursing in the United States appear to be unique and largely dissimilar to the issues faced by male nurses in other countries.

  a. True

  b. False


3. The majority of research on men in nursing has been conducted on Registered Nurses.

  a. True

  b. False


4. Nursing literature and textbooks tend to neglect the accomplishments in men in nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


5. There is no documentation or evidence that men have successfully functioned as nurses throughout history.

  a. True

  b. False


6. Men in nursing all but disappeared completely due to the work of Florence Nightingale to elevate the career field and incorporate women as a natural extension of their role as caregiver.

  a. True

  b. False


7. The community college expansion of the 1950’s failed to provide more conducive environments for men to enter nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


8. Not everyone in nursing leadership believes there is a nursing shortage.

  a. True

  b. False


9. Three successful strategies for recruiting men into the profession of nursing as identified in the current literature include:

  a. Large sign-on bonuses, travel plans, and healthcare insurance

  b. Men recruit men, target younger men, and educate school counselors

  c. Healthcare fairs, marketing trinkets, and recruit military members/veterans


10. Relying solely on female nurses, and not recruiting men, may fail to prevent the critical nursing shortage in the future.

  a. True

  b. False


11. According to O’Lynn and Tranbarger (2007), nursing leaders frequently address gender diversity.

  a. True

  b. False


12. Men tend to progress to administrative and leadership positions at a disproportionately high rate over women.

  a. True

  b. False


13. According to Walker (2011), nursing does not need men as much as it needs humans that care for patients – regardless of gender.

  a. True

  b. False


14. According to McMurry (2007), unlike women who work in predominately-male career fields, men have numerous advantages when they work in a predominately-female occupation such as nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


15. According to McMurry (2011), men are currently approximately 50% of the American workforce but average less than 10% of all practicing nurses.

  a. True

  b. False


16. Despite numerous barriers, the literature demonstrates a growing interest by men in this pursuit, describes potential benefits of increasing the male presence in the profession, and provides insights into successful strategies to accomplishing the goals.

  a. True

  b. False


17. Many men in nursing believe that the name of the profession as “nurse” itself will have to change before true equality can be achieved.

  a. True

  b. False


18. The nursing shortage in America appears to be more dominant in certain geographical locations and medical specialties.

  a. True

  b. False


19. According to Boughn (2001), women and men choose nursing as a career for much different reasons.

  a. True

  b. False


20. Approximately 20% of men in nursing entered a nursing program directly after high school.

  a. True

  b. False


21. Nearly 50% of men in nursing are personally involved in initiatives to attract more men into the nursing profession.

  a. True

  b. False


22. Approximately 50% of men in nursing state that they encountered difficulty in the workplace due to being in a traditionally female profession.

  a. True

  b. False


23. According to Meadus and Twomey (2007) and other researchers, a primary reason men list for not entering nursing include:

  a. Public perception that most men who nurse are effeminate or gay

  b. Feminine images of nursing

  c. A lack of value of nursing in society

  d. The organization and culture of nursing

  e. All of the above


24. LaRocco (2007) identified a trajectory of five linear stages that encompass the path men travel to become nurses as prior to considering becoming a nurse, choosing nursing, becoming a nurse, being a nurse, and remaining in nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


25. The Bernard Hodes Group (2005) found that after men were trained and working as a nurse, they stayed for the stability, career options, geographic mobility and job security.

  a. True

  b. False


26. Despite the gender-based barriers they face, four fifths of men in nursing state that they would enter nursing again if they had it do it all over again.

  a. True

  b. False


27. According to Evans (2004), the foundation for creating strategies to effectively approach recruitment, education, and retention issues is an understanding of the key issues faced by the “invisible” male nurses.

  a. True

  b. False


28. The U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2012-13 published in March 2012 predicts 2,737,400 jobs in nursing with a 16% increase anticipated before the year 2020.

  a. True

  b. False


29. According to Bartfay, Bartfay, Clow, and Wu (2010), the majority of female nurses would definitely encourage male friends and members of their family to enter the field of nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


30. According to the Bernard Hodes Group (2005), 56% of men encountered difficulties during their nursing education program.

  a. True

  b. False


31. Meadus (2000) found that in 1990, 70% of 270 baccalaureate-level programs made absolutely no effort to recruit men into the field of nursing.

  a. True

  b. False


32. Carol (2009) found one example of discrimination against men in nursing school applications exists when potential students earn points toward admission for proven leadership skills including those gained from being a leader in a sorority; however, leadership in a fraternity, the military, or civic involvement such as serving as a volunteer fire fighter are not included in the list.

  a. True

  b. False


33. The Bernard Hodes Group (2005) found that the key challenges to recruiting and retaining men in nursing were to the inaccurate stereotyping issues and the cultural adaptation required for entry into a traditionally female profession.

  a. True

  b. False


34. The American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN) initiated a recruitment strategy to increase the percentage from the current 10% to 20% male enrollment in nursing programs throughout the United States by the year 2020 – known as the "20 By 20" campaign.

  a. True

  b. False


35. LaRocco (2007) reported that High School Counselors routinely suggest nursing as a viable career option to male students but that young men are not interested.

  a. True

  b. False


36. Zajac (2011) determined that even if the number of men in nursing education (faculty and staff members) increased it would not increase the number of male nursing students.

  a. True

  b. False


37. Both of the inaccurate fears and unfounded prejudices that the United States military faced and overcame over 50 years ago now needs to be faced and overcame by the civilian population.

  a. True

  b. False


38. Meadus and Twomey (2007) concluded that unless a concentrated effort by all stakeholders (professional associations, nursing unions, schools of nursing) to dispel the myths and stereotypes the profession will remain underrepresented.

  a. True

  b. False


39. Le-Hinds (2010) found one example of an improving climate for men in nursing was that although men did not enter the field of nursing in the 1970s and earlier primarily due to the “disapproval from their fathers” but that this did not show up as a variable in research conducted in the last 20 years.

  a. True

  b. False


40. Kelly et al. (1996) suggested that the issue of sexual or gender identity is an insurmountable obstacle to overcome for nursing to successfully accommodate all males; be they heterosexual, homosexual, and psychologically masculine, feminine, or androgynous.

  a. True

  b. False