Cardiovascular Assessment

~ Exam ~

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This test has 23 questions.

All questions must be answered before the test can be graded.

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1. Prior to beginning the cardiovascular assessment, the nurse should obtain the:

  a. Patient history

  b. Lab test results

  c. Closing of both the aortic and pulmonic valves

  d. Closing of both the mitral and tricuspid valves

2. S1, the first heart sound, is made up of:

  a. Closing of the pulmonic valves

  b. Closing of the tricuspid valves

  c. Closing of both the aortic and pulmonic valves

  d. Closing of both the mitral and tricuspid valves

3. The timing of a heart murmur may be described as:

  a. Early

  b. Late

  c. Middle

  d. All of these

4. When interviewing the patient, you should ask questions using lay terminology and

  a. You should not use medical terms.

  b. You should use precise medical terms

5. The first step to perform, when determining the EKG rhythm is:

  a. Examine the individual components of the EEG

  b. Take action to correct any arrhythmia

  c. Assessment

  d. Name the arrhythmia

6. All but one are cardiovascular signs of shock, that one not a classical symptom is:

  a. Tachycardia

  b. Skin cool and moist

  c. Hypotension

  d. Cyanosis

  e. Blanching poor

7. The first step in the inspection process is:

  a. Have patient sit upright

  b. Allow for privacy

  c. Inspect from the back of patient

8. The significance of the 5th intercostals space and the midclavicular line is:

  a. Aortic area

  b. Pulmonic area

  c. Ventricular area

  d. Apical area

  e. Epigastric

9. A pressoreceptor is located in which area(s) of the body?

  a. Aortic arch

  b. Abdominal aorta

  c. Vena cava

  d. Coronary artery

  e. All of these

10. A light gray ring surrounding the iris and is common in older patients, is called:

  a. Xantheiasma

  b. Cataract

  c. Hordeolum

  d. Cyanosis

  e. Arcus senilis

11. An example of a cardiotonic drug is:

  a. Lidocaine

  b. Apresoline

  c. Amyl nitrite

  d. Inderal

  e. Digoxin

12. A drug used to treat sinus Bradycardia is:

  a. Lidocaine

  b. Bretylium

  c. Atropine

  d. Digoxin

  e. None of these

13. Edema described as +4 is edema having more than a one inch indentation

  a. True

  b. False

14. Mitral stenosis usually causes a very loud S2 sound

  a. True

  b. False

15. Physiological splitting of S2can be caused by normal respiratory patterns

  a. True

  b. False

16. Each large block of EEG paper represents two seconds of time

  a. True

  b. False

17. The QRS complex refers to the electrical conduction going through the atria

  a. True

  b. False

18. A possible complication of a myocardial infarction is shock

  a. True

  b. False

19. CVF will tend to cause slow arrhythmias such as sinus Bradycardia, in patients

  a. True

  b. False

20. Very late stage shock will cause oliguria and concentrated urine

  a. True

  b. False

21. In secondary hypertension, the cause of high blood pressure is not known.

  a. True

  b. False

22. Pulsus paradoxus might be indicative of constrictive pericardial disease.

  a. True

  b. False

23. The first step to examination of the heart is auscultation

  a. True

  b. False